Friday, January 1, 2021

HBO Max - Upcoming Shows and Pilots


(W: Writer, D: Director, EP: Executive Producer, Co-EP: Co-Executive Producer, P: Producer, SR: Showrunner)

ORDERED TO SERIES

  • Genre: Comedy (Animated)
  • Logline: Tom grapples with being corrupted by the grownups around him each day just by leaving his house. Bad influences seem to lurk around every corner... litigious parents, drug dealing bus drivers and band teachers who want to sleep with his mom. If he sets up a lemonade stand, he gets sued for gross negligence. If he plays baseball, he is encouraged to "dabble with roids." And if he visits the school nurse, he is introduced to the world of insurance fraud. The grownups in Tom's life all mean well, but somehow just can't manage to lead by example.
  • Cast:
  • Team: W/EP Steve Dildarian; EP Nick Weidenfeld, Marty Adelstein, Becky Clements
  • Studio: ITV Studios, Tomorrow Studios
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Limited Series
  • Logline: Carrie Bradshaw, Miranda Hobbes and Charlotte York navigate the journey from the complicated reality of life and friendship in their 30s to the even more complicated reality of life and friendship in their 50s. Sequel to HBO's Sex and the City.
  • Cast: Sarah Jessica Parker, Cynthia Nixon, Kristin Davis
  • Team: EP Michael Patrick King, Sarah Jessica Parker, Cynthia Nixon, Kristin Davis
  • Studio:
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Drama
  • Logline: The goddess Circe transforms from an awkward nymph to a formidable witch, able to challenge gods, titans and monsters alike. Based on the novel by Madeline Miller.
  • Cast:
  • Team: W/EP Rick Jaffa, Amanda Silver
  • Studio: Endeavor Content, Chernin Entertainment
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Comedy (Animated)
  • Logline: Set at a high school for clones of historical figures. Reboot of the MTV animated comedy that aired from 2002-03.
  • Cast:
  • Team: W/EP Erica Rivinoja; EP Phil Lord, Chris Miller, Bill Lawrence
  • Studio: MTV Entertainment Studios
  • Premieres: 2021

DMZ
  • Genre: Limited Series
  • Logline: Set in a near future where America is embroiled in a bitter civil war, the island of Manhattan has become a demilitarized zone separating the two sides, largely destroyed and isolated from the rest of the world. A fierce female medic saves lives while desperately searching for her lost son. As she contends with the gangs, militias, demagogues and warlords who now control the lawless island, she becomes the unlikely source of what everyone there has lost: hope. Based on the DC Comics story created by Brian Wood and Riccardo Burchielli.
  • Cast: Rosario DawsonBenjamin BrattFreddy Miyares, Hoon Lee, Jordan Preston Carter
  • Team: W/EP Roberto Patino; D/EP Ava DuVernay
  • Studio: Warner Bros. Television, Array Filmworks
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Drama
  • Logline: Set in a future in which humanity has spread across the galaxy to thousands of worlds, all ruled by the Padishah Emperor, The Imperium. A mysterious order of women - the Bene Gesserit, who are given abilities by their mastery of the body and the mind - expertly weave through the feudal politics and intrigue of The Imperium, pursuing plans of their own that will ultimately lead them to the enigmatic planet Arrakis - known to its inhabitants as Dune. Based on the novel by Frank Herbert.
  • Cast:
  • Team: W/EP Dana Calvo; EP Jon Spaihts, Brian Herbert, Byron Merritt, Kim Herbert; Co-P Kevin J. Anderson; D/EP Denis Villeneuve
  • Studio: Legendary Television
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Drama
  • Logline: Set in the 1970s Southwest, the life of a gutsy getaway driver for a growing crime syndicate goes from awful to wildly, stupidly, dangerously awful.
  • Cast:
  • Team: W/EP J.J. Abrams, LaToya Morgan; EP Ben Stephenson; Co-EP Rachel Rusch Rich
  • Studio: Warner Bros. Television, Bad Robots Production
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Comedy (Animated)
  • Logline: Set on the Martian campus of a modern tech company.
  • Cast: Pete Davidson
  • Team: W/EP Nate Sherman, Nick Vokey; EP Pete Davidson, Carson Mell, Dave Sirus
  • Studio:
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Drama (Half-Hour)
  • Logline: A group of high school students' exploration of modern sexuality (devices and all) tests deeply entrenched beliefs about life, love and the nature of family in their conservative community.
  • Cast: Martha PlimptonJustice Smith, Chloe East, Michael Johnston, Uly Schlesinger, Haley Sanchez, Nava Mau, Nathanya Alexander, Lukita Maxwell, Chase Sui Wonders, Sam Trammell, Nathan Stewart-Jarrett, Anthony Keyvan (recurring), Diego Josef (recurring), J. August Richards (recurring), John Ross Bowie (recurring), Mary Birdsong (recurring), Patricia De Leon (recurring), Sydney Mae Diaz (recurring), Alicia Coppola (recurring), Marwan Salama (recurring), Marisela Zumbado (recurring)
  • Team: W/EP/D Daniel Barnz; W/Co-EP Zelda Barnz; EP Ben Barnz, Lena Dunham; P Marissa Diaz
  • Studio: We're Not Brothers Productions, Good Thing Going Productions
  • Premieres: March 11, 2021

  • Genre: Drama
  • Logline: Eight years after the original website went dark, a new generation of New York private school teens are introduced to the social surveillance of Gossip Girl. The new series will address just how much social media - and the landscape of New York itself - has changed in the intervening years. Reboot of The CW drama that aired from 2007-2012.
  • Cast: Kristen Bell (narrator), Emily Alyn Lind, Whitney Peak, Eli Brown, Johnathan Fernandez, Jason Gotay, Tavi Gevinson, Thomas Doherty, Adam Chanler-Berat, Zion Moreno, Savannah Smith, Jordan Alexander, Evan Mock, Laura Benanti 
  • Team: W/EP Joshua Safran; EP Josh Schwartz, Stephanie Savage; D/EP Karena Evans
  • Studio: Warner Bros. Television, Fake Empire Productions
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Drama
  • Logline: The drama will depict the adventures of a multitude of Lanterns, including Guy Gardner, Jessica Cruz, Simon Baz and Alan Scott - Earth's first Green Lantern. Based on the DC Comics characters.
  • Cast:
  • Team: W/EP Seth Grahame-Smith, Marc Guggenheim; EP Greg Berlanti, Sarah Schechter
  • Studio: Warner Bros. Television, DC Entertainment, Berlanti Productions
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Comedy (Animated)
  • Logline: Set in Shanghai in the 1920s, 10-year-old Sam Wing meets the young Mogwai called Gizmo. Along with a teenage street thief named Elle, Sam and Gizmo take a perilous journey through the Chinese countryside, encountering, and sometimes battling, colorful monsters and spirits from Chinese folklore. On their quest to return Gizmo to his family and uncover a legendary treasure, they are pursued by a power-hungry industrialist and his growing army of evil Gremlins.
  • Cast: Izaac Wang, Ming-Na Wen, BD Wong, James Hong, A.J. LoCascio, Gabrielle Green, Matthew Rhys
  • Team: W/Co-EP Tze Chun; EP Darryl Frank, Justin Falvey, Sam Register; Co-EP Brendan Hay
  • Studio: Warner Bros. Television, Amblin Television
  • Premieres: 2021

JULIA
  • Genre: Drama
  • Logline: Inspired by Julia Child's extraordinary life and her show The French Chef, which essentially invented food television. Through Julia and her singular can-do spirit, the series explores an evolving time in American history - the emergence of a new social institution called public television, feminism and the women's movement, the nature of celebrity, and America's cultural growth. At its heart, the show is a portrait of a marriage with an evolving and complicated power dynamic.
  • Cast: Sarah Lancashire, David Hyde Pierce, Brittany Bradford, Fran Kranz, Fiona Glascott, Bebe Neuwirth, Isabella Rossellini, Jefferson Mays
  • Team: W/EP Daniel Goldfarb; SR/EP Christopher Keyser; EP Erwin Stoff, Kimberly Carver; D/EP Charles McDougall
  • Studio: Lionsgate Television, 3 Arts Entertainment
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Drama
  • Logline: Based on the DC Comics characters from the "Justice League Dark Universe."
  • Cast:
  • Team: EP J.J. Abrams, Ben Stephenson; Co-EP Rachel Rusch Rich
  • Studio: Warner Bros. Television, Bad Robots Production
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Comedy (Single Camera)
  • Logline: Hazel Green is a 30-something woman on the run after 10 years of marriage to an unstable, needy and possibly sociopathic tech billionaire. She discovers her husband has implanted a revolutionary monitoring device called the Made for Love in her brain, allowing him to track and watch her and even know her feelings. Based on the novel by Alissa Nutting.
  • Cast: Cristin Milioti, Billy MagnussenRay Romano, Noma Dumezweni, Dan Bakkedahl, Augusto Aguilera, Raymond Lee (recurring)
  • Team: W/EP Patrick Somerville; EP Alissa Nutting, Liza Chasin, Dean Bakopoulos; D/EP S.J. Clarkson
  • Studio: Paramount Television
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Comedy (Single Camera)
  • Logline: Pampered aristocrat Stede Bonnet abandons his life of privilege to become a pirate.
  • Cast: Rhys Darby 
  • Team: W/EP David Jenkins; EP Garrett Basch, Dan Halsted; D/EP Taika Waititi
  • Studio:
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Drama
  • Logline: Inspired by and featuring iconic characters from Stephen King's The Shining, the drama explores the untold, terrifying stories of the most famous haunted hotel in American fiction.
  • Cast:
  • Team: EP J.J. Abrams, Ben Stephenson; Co-EP Rachel Rusch Rich
  • Studio: Warner Bros. Television, Bad Robots Production
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Comedy (Hourlong)
  • Logline: The action-adventure series will explore the origins of Peacemaker, a man who believes in peace at any cost - no matter how many people he has to kill to get it. It will extend the universe created in the upcoming 2021 feature film The Suicide Squad.
  • Cast: John Cena, Steve Agee, Danielle Brooks, Robert Patrick, Jennifer Holland, Chris Conrad, Chukwudi Iwuji, Locklyn Munro, Annie Chang, Christopher Heyerdahl, Elizabeth Faith Ludlow (recurring), Rizwan Manji (recurring), Alison Araya (recurring), Lenny Jacobson (recurring)
  • Team: W/EP/D James Gunn; EP John Cena, Peter Safran, Matt Miller
  • Studio: Warner Bros. Television, Troll Court Entertainment, The Safran Company
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Drama
  • Logline: Twenty years ago, a series of tragic events almost ripped the blue-collar town of Millwood apart. Now, in the present day, a group of disparate teen girls - a brand-new set of Little Liars - find themselves tormented by an unknown assailant and made to pay for the secret sin their parents committed two decades ago... as well as their own. In the dark, coming-of-rage, horror-tinged drama, we find ourselves miles away from Rosewood, but within the existing Pretty Little Liars universe - in a brand-new town, with a new generation of Little Liars.
  • Cast:
  • Team: W/EP Roberto Aguirre-Sacasa; W/Co-EP Lindsay Calhoon Bring; EP Leslie Morganstein, Gina Girolamo
  • Studio: Warner Bros. Television, Alloy Entertainment, Muckle Man Productions
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Comedy (Animated)
  • Logline: A send-up of the British Royals as told through the eyes of a young Prince George, the eldest child of Prince William and Princess Kate. Each episode will see George finding his path in life as a young prince in modern times - from the 775 rooms of Buckingham Palace to his family's sea of corgis to primary school with commoners.
  • Cast: Gary Janetti, Orlando Bloom, Condola Rashad, Lucy Punch, Tom Hollander, Alan Cumming, Frances De La Tour, Iwan Rheon, Sophie Turner
  • Team: W/EP Gary Janetti
  • Studio: 20th Century Fox Television
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Comedy (Single Camera)
  • Logline: Two estranged high school friends from Miami reunite to form a rap group.
  • Cast:
  • Team: W/EP Issa Rae; SR/EP Syreeta Singleton; EP Montrel McKay, Jonathan Berry, Dave Becky; Co-EP Yung Miami, JT, Kevin "Coach K" Lee, Pierre "P" Thomas, Sara Rastogi
  • Studio: Hoorae Productions, Quality Control Films, 3 Arts Entertainment
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Comedy (Animated)
  • Logline: When the successor to Santa Claus is poached by Amazon on Christmas Eve, the highest-ranking female elf in the North Pole, Candy Smalls, goes for her ultimate dream - to become the first woman Santa Claus in the history of Christmas.
  • Cast: Sarah Silverman, Seth Rogen
  • Team: W/EP Alexandra Rushfield; EP Sarah Silverman, Seth Rogen, Evan Goldberg, James Weaver, Amy Zvi, Rosa Tran
  • Studio: Lionsgate Television, Point Grey Pictures
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Comedy (Single Camera)
  • Logline: Four roommates are randomly assigned to a dorm at Essex College, a prestigious New England university. A bundle of contradictions and hormones, these sexually active college girls are equal parts lovable and infuriating.
  • Cast: Pauline Chalamet, Amrit Kaur, Reneé Rapp, Alyah Chanelle Scott, Dylan Sprouse 
  • Team: W/EP Mindy Kaling; SR/EP Justin Noble; EP Howard Klein
  • Studio: Warner Bros. Television, Kaling International, 3 Arts Entertainment
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Comedy (Single Camera)
  • Logline: A young woman in London who works two dead-end jobs has to navigate the awkward morning after when she discovers the complications of accidentally sleeping with a movie star.
  • Cast: Rose Matafeo
  • Team: W/EP Rose Matafeo; EP Jon Thoday, Richard Allen-Turner, Rob Aslett
  • Studio: Avalon Television
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Limited Series
  • Logline: Set in a world where survivors of a devastating flu try to rebuild and reimagine the world while holding on to the best of what's been lost. Based on the novel by Emily St. John Mandel.
  • Cast: Mackenzie Davis, Himesh Patel, David Wilmot, Matilda Lawler, Nabhaan Rizwan, Philippine Velge, Gael García Bernal (recurring), Danielle Deadwyler (recurring)
  • Team: W/EP Patrick Somerville; EP Scott Steindorff, Scott Delman, Dylan Russell; Co-EP Nate Matteson; D/EP Hiro Murai
  • Studio: Paramount Television
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Anthology (Episodic)
  • Logline: Featuring characters across the DC Comics world, each episode will explore closed-ended morality tales about the intersecting lives of mortals and superhumans. 
  • Cast:
  • Team: W/EP John Stephens; EP Greg Berlanti, Sarah Schechter; P Charlie Huston
  • Studio: Warner Bros. Television, DC Entertainment, Berlanti Productions
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Drama
  • Logline: A desperate college student signs up for a clinical trial that begins a wild, harrowing, mind and reality-bending adventure.
  • Cast:
  • Team: W/EP J.J. Abrams; SR/EP Jennifer Yale; EP Ben Stephenson; Co-EP Rachel Rusch Rich
  • Studio: Warner Bros. Television, Bad Robot Productions
  • Premieres: 2022

  • Genre: Drama
  • Logline: An American journalist embeds himself into the Tokyo Vice police squad to reveal corruption. The series details his daily descent into the neon soaked underbelly of Tokyo, where nothing and no one is truly what or who they seem. Based on the non-fiction book by Jake Adelstein.
  • Cast: Ansel Elgort, Ken Watanabe, Rachel Keller, Ella Rumpf, Rinko Kikuchi 
  • Team: W/EP J.T. Rogers; EP Ansel Elgort, John Lesher, Emily Gerson Saines, Alan Poul; D/EP Destin Daniel Cretton, Michael Mann
  • Studio: Endeavor Content
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Limited Series
  • Logline: A British man finds himself in the glowing red heart of the Australian outback being pursued by a vast tank truck trying to drive him off the road. An epic cat and mouse chase unfolds and the man later wakes in hospital, hurt, but somehow alive. Except he has no idea who he is. With merciless figures from his past pursuing him, the man's search for answers propels him through the vast and unforgiving outback.
  • Cast: Jamie Dornan, Danielle Macdonald, Shalom Brune-Franklin, Hugo Weaving
  • Team: W/EP Harry Williams, Jack Williams; EP Christopher Aird, Andrew Benson, Tommy Bulfin; D/EP Chris Sweeney
  • Studio: Two Brothers Pictures, Highview Productions
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Anthology (Episodic)
  • Logline: Each episode will feature fictional stories that cover a range of genres and a future that could result from the rapid warming of our planet. Inspired by the novel by David Wallace-Wells and the New York Magazine article of the same name.
  • Cast:
  • Team: W/EP/D Adam McKay; EP Kevin Messick, Paul Lee, Mark Roybal, David Kaplan, Andrea Roa
  • Studio: Hyperobject Industries, wiip
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Drama
  • Logline: Set in the Gotham City police department, the series will build upon the upcoming 2021 feature film The Batman's examination of the anatomy of corruption in Gotham City, ultimately launching a new Batman universe across multiple platforms. The series provides an unprecedented opportunity to extent the world established in the movie and further explore the myriad of compelling and complex characters of Gotham.
  • Cast:
  • Team: W/EP Joe Barton; EP Matt Reeves, Dylan Clark, Daniel Pipski, Adam Kassan; Co-EP Rafi Crohn
  • Studio: Warner Bros. Television and 6th & Idaho Productions
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Comedy (Sketch)
  • Logline: Each episode will tackle a theme or incident, using sketches or vignettes to illustrate what it feels like to experience that event as a Black person. It's less about being "right" and more about being honest, even at the risk of being controversial.
  • Cast: Michael Che
  • Team: W/EP Michael Che; EP Lorne Michaels, Erin Doyle
  • Studio: Universal Television, Broadway Video
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Comedy (Single Camera)
  • Logline: A dark mentorship forms between a Las Vegas diva and an entitled, outcast 25-year-old.
  • Cast: Jean Smart, Hannah Einbinder, Carl Clemons-Hopkins, Kaitlin Olson (recurring), Christopher McDonald (recurring), Paul W. Downs (recurring), Mark Indelicato (recurring), Poppy Liu (recurring), Johnny Sibilly (recurring), Meg Stalter (recurring), Rose Abdoo (recurring)
  • Team: W/EP Paul W. Downs, Lucia Aniello, Jen Statsky; EP Mike Schur, David Miner, Morgan Sackett
  • Studio: Universal Television, Paulilu Productions, Fremulon, 3 Arts Entertainment, First Thought Productions
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Comedy (Animated)
  • Logline: The origin story of Velma Dinkley, the unsung and under-appreciated brains of the Scooby-Doo Mystery Inc. gang.
  • Cast: Mindy Kaling
  • Team: W/EP Mindy Kaling; EP Charlie Grandy, Howard Klein, Sam Register
  • Studio: Warner Bros. Animation
  • Premieres: 2021

  • Genre: Comedy (Animated)
  • Logline: Filled with comedy and heart, the Young family - including millennial parents Stephen and Angela, their daughter Zuri and her pet cat Rocky - juggle their careers, marriage, parenthood, social issues, and multi-generational dynamics all while striving to make a better life for themselves. Based on characters from the Academy Award-winning short film Hair Love.
  • Cast:
  • Team: W/EP Matthew A. Cherry, Carl Jones; EP Monica A. Young, David Steward II, Carl Reed
  • Studio: Sony Pictures Animation, Blue Key Entertainment, Lion Forge Animation
  • Premieres: 2021

ORDERED TO PILOT

  • Genre: Comedy (Single Camera)
  • Logline: Marlon Wayans stars as a fictionalized version of himself as he attempts to reconcile being a good person and father with being Marlon.
  • Cast: Marlon Wayans
  • Team: W/EP Marlon Wayans, Rick Alvarez
  • Studio:
  • Notes:

  • Genre: Comedy (Single Camera)
  • Logline: A willful, chubby, 12-year-old Dominican struggles to fit into hedonistic 1980s Miami as her family pursues the American dream.
  • Cast:
  • Team: W/Co-EP Claudia Forestieri; EP Josh Berman, Zoe Saldana, Mariel Saldana, Cisely Saldana, Chris King, Jennifer Robinson
  • Studio: Sony Pictures Television, Osprey Productions, Cinestar Pictures
  • Notes:

  • Genre: Comedy (Single Camera)
  • Logline: A sweet, optimistic young cop and a creepy, crime-obsessed teenager team up to solve a murder.
  • Cast: Sonya Cassidy, Miles J. Harvey, Carla Jimenez, Max Casella, Phillipa Soo
  • Team: W/EP Aaron Brownstein, Simon Ganz; EP Conan O'Brien, David Kissinger, Jeff Ross, Larry Sullivan; D/EP Randall Einhorn
  • Studio: Conaco
  • Notes:

  • Genre: Comedy (Multi-Camera)
  • Logline: A group of overachieving high school students meet their greatest challenge - a teacher who wants them to focus less on grades and more on experiencing life.
  • Cast: Isabella Gomez, Jolie Hoang-Rappaport, Gavin Lewis, Jorge Diaz, Dior Goodjohn, Brandon Severs, Adrian Matthew Escalona, Christa Miller, Katie Beth Hall 
  • Team: W/EP Amy Pocha, Seth Cohen; SR/EP Steven Cragg, Brian Bradley; EP Bill Lawrence, Jeff Ingold; Co-EP Lisa Katzer
  • Studio: Warner Horizon Scripted Television, Doozer Productions
  • Notes: Reboot of the ABC comedy that aired from 1986-91.

  • Genre: Comedy (Single Camera)
  • Logline: Set in 1970s Los Angeles, an earnest young feminist joins forces with a low-rent publisher to create the first erotic magazine for women.
  • Cast: Ophelia Lovibond, Idara Victor, Oscar Montoya, Jessica Lowe, Lennon Parham, Michael Angarano, Jake Johnson (guest)
  • Team: W/EP Ellen Rapoport; EP Paul Feig, Dan Magnante; D/EP Rachel Lee Goldenberg
  • Studio: Lionsgate Television, Feigco Entertainment
  • Notes:

  • Genre: Drama
  • Logline: Set in 1960s New York City, three troubled siblings - Franny, Jet and Vincent Owens - wrestle with "abnormalities" that have kept them isolated. But the tumultuous times unearth the extraordinary discovery that they are, in fact, descendants of a bloodline of witches. In their aspirational journey toward self-discovery and self-acceptance, they'll contend with grief, war, bigotry and dark magic, not to mention a centuries-old curse designed to keep them away from love. Based on the novels Rules of Magic and Practical Magic by Alice Hoffman.
  • Cast:
  • Team: W/EP Melissa Rosenberg; EP Dana Baratta, Denise Di Novi, Nina Tassler, Alice Hoffman
  • Studio: Warner Bros. Television, Tall Girls Productions, PatMa Productions
  • Notes: Additional scripts ordered.

  • Genre: Drama
  • Logline: Young author Mary Shelley leads a band of romantic outlaws - among them, her lovers Percy and Lord Byron - against all manner of supernatural threats and monsters - including the Frankenstein author's own iconic Creature.
  • Cast:
  • Team: W/EP Roberto Aguirre-Sacasa, Tessa Leigh Williams, James DeWille
  • Studio: Warner Bros. Television
  • Notes:

  • Genre: Anthology (Episodic)
  • Logline: Each episode tackles actual events with all dialogue taken from primary sources and presented verbatim. The pilot follows the story of the 2019 college admissions scandal.
  • Cast: Chris Messina, Sara Gilbert, Rob Huebel, Leland Orser, Lyriq Bent, J.R. Cacia, Tate Donovan, Kevin Dunn
  • Team: W/EP/D Brett Weiner; EP Ben Stiller, Nicholas Weinstock, Jackie Cohn, Ken Druckerman, Banks Tarver, Kathleen Lingo; P Scott Lochmus, Michelene Starnadori
  • Studio: Red Hour Films, Left/Right Productions, The New York Times
  • Notes: